What is Peer Editing?
In order to define what peer editing is, we must first define the individual words in the phrase. According to nrpatric's video Peer Editing, the word peer means "someone your own age", and editing means "making suggestions, comments, compliments, and changes to writing." What does it mean when we combine these two words into the phrase peer editing? The video tells us that it means "working with someone your own age to help improve, revise, and edit his or her writing."
Steps to Peer Editing
Both the video Peer Editing by npratric and the slideshow Tutorial Peer Editing by Adriana Zardini present three steps to peer editing.
When peer editing, start with compliments. This means to state what the person did well. If the person for whom you are peer editing feels as if you are just tearing them down with the mistakes they made, they won't want to continue improving their writing. Rather, it is more than likely that they will just want to give up.
Giving suggestions means telling your peer editing partner what could have been done better. What they did may not have been wrong, but sometimes there is a better way to express those ideas. Topics such as word choice, organization, and amount of details could all be improved through suggestions; however, you must always be extremely specific when giving suggestions. If something needs to be fixed, tell your partner exactly what it is.
Corrections are also specific things that need to be fixed, but corrections should be made about punctuation, grammar, spelling, and other word errors.
Bring Them All Together
In the adorable video Writing Peer Review Top Ten Mistakes, several children discuss and enact the top ten mistakes that can be made when peer editing by giving those mistakes names. These names encompass the general idea of each mistake:
- Picky Patty
- Whatever William
- Social Sammy
- Jean the Generalizer
- Mean Margaret
- Loud Larry
- Pushy Paula
- Off-Task Oliver
- Speedy Sandy
- Defensive Dave
After looking at these videos and slideshow, I feel as if I am ready to begin the peer editing process with confidence. Before, I never knew where to start or how to provide advice that was appropriate without feeling mean about it; however, I have learned that there is no need to feel mean. Peer editing is all about bettering yourself and your partner. If you both stay on task, stay positive, and are specific, each of you should feel motivated to change and do better. The three steps provide an easy way to give meaningful feedback each and every time!
Remember: Stay Positive, Be Specific, and Follow All Three Steps!